Jhum cultivation also known as shifting cultivation is an age-old agricultural practice by the ethnic tribal communities of uplands and it is still prevalent in the state. Jhum farmers, locally known as Jhumias.
Jhum cultivation in remote areas is also food donors like plains or rural farmers. Jhum farming is said to be one of the means of earning for the people of hilly areas of Tripura state. Therefore, Government support is also needed in the field of Jhum cultivation. At the month of April-May (Bengali month of Baisakh), the Jhum hill in the remote areas become fertile with the touch of partial rains. Although this year nature is different. After that due to rain at the end of Baisakh, the land is quite ready for Jhum. And taking advantage of this opportunity, the Jhumias are busy planting paddy seeds along with different types of Jhum vegetables in the hilly land. Such a real picture was witnessed in Bairagi Dhepa area under Mungiakami Rd Block. After visiting to the area, it was witnessed that the Jhumias including women were sowing the seeds of various agricultural crops of Jhum.
Jumia woman (Jumia Ramani) said that this time they are sowing seeds of various vegetables including paddy various vegetables likes sweet pumpkin, ridge gourd etc. They are cultivating this Jhum on their own initiative without Government facilities. In the context of the matter, she said, this time he will cultivate Jhum on two hilly land. But by cultivating this Jhum, the face of dividend is seen by marketing Jhum agricultural crops. She also said that, they will take the harvest of September-October (Bengali Ashwin month) is the harvest this crop at home. Jhum farming is their only livelihood. The Jumia woman expressed hope that they will take the initiative to expand this Jhum cultivation further if they receive Government support.
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