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A Workshop On The Three (BNS, BNSS, BSA) New Criminal Laws Organized By Khowai PS.

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Khowai,1st of July, 2024 : With the initiative of Khowai Police Station has been organized a workshop on the Three (BNS, BNSS, BSA) new criminal laws at Khowai Police premises on Monday (1st July, 2024).  

Three newly formulated laws i.e. Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS), Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS) and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam (BSA) shall come into force from July 1, 2024. The objective behind formulating these new laws is – to modernize the system of criminal justice, to expedite the process of justice and ensure protection of the affected party.

The criminal laws have been reformed by giving priority to eradication of crimes against women, child and people of all strata of society. The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita has replaced the Indian Penal Code – 1860, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita has replaced the Code of Criminal Procedure – 1973 and Bharatiya Sakshya Adhiniyam has replaced the Indian Evidence Act – 1872. It is noteworthy that instead of 511 Sections of the Indian Penal Code now Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita has 358 Sections only. Moreover, system of community service has been incorporated as way of punishment for six types of crimes. And seven new subjects of crime have been added to the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita-2023.

As per Section-530 of Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita (BNSS), all trials, investigation and proceedings can be done in electronic mode. Electronic remote representation of witness has been given credence under the new law. The electronic statements will be considered as effective as written statements. The new law empowers the police to attach any property earned through criminal or unlawful means. For petty offences arrest may be exempted especially in case of disabled or aged persons. Progress of the investigation has to be disseminated to the litigant within 90 days of lodging of the complaint. Similarly, within 60 days of filing chargesheet, trial or legal proceedings have to be started. On completion of hearing, within 45 days verdict has to be announced. Copy of the verdict shall be uploaded on the portal within seven days of the announcement of the same. As per Section 65 (2) of BNSS, death sentence can be given to the perpetrators of rape involving girls less than 12 years of age. For offences that attract less than 3 years term, arrest cannot be made without the permission of an official lower than the rank of DSP. Under the new criminal laws top priority has been given to the protection of witness.

Khowai Sub-Divisional Police Officer Pushan Kanti Majumder, Khowai Police Station OC Subir Malakar, other senior officer of Khowai PS, Journalist and many other remained present in the workshop.

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